Incorporated in 2006 and based on Maui, Hawaii, HNu Photonics is a science and technology company creating cutting-edge technologies and transforming innovative ideas into state-of-the-art products with commercial, scientific and military applications. The focus of the company is renewable energy, defense photonics, specialized optics, and medical imaging technologies. HNu has already introduced revolutionary advances in each of these areas. Over its relatively brief lifespan, HNu-Photonics has been notably successful in fulfilling its mission of creating cutting-edge technologies and products. HNu has made major breakthroughs in solar energy generation with hitherto unseen advances in efficiency and practicality. In medical technology, in addition to innovations in instrumentation and optical sensor packages, we are introducing a totally revolutionary form of microscopy with broad clinical, scientific and even forensic application.

We have enjoyed a long-standing relationship with the military, having placed in service a number of successful technologies. Current projects with military application include multi-dimensional sensor technology including 3D imaging, spectrometer design and development, laser beam control interfacing and the development of beam projectors and receivers. In addition to advances in optics technologies, HNu is expanding techniques for shaping and polishing specialized materials, metals, sapphire for transparent armor and ceramics such as silicon carbide for and space applications. Activities with broad application across various domains of investigation, design and fabrication are its successes in the areas of miniaturization and light-weighting.

The Relevance to Max Planck

In 1900 Max Planck tried to explain the relationship between the emitted radiation from an object and the temperature of the object. Planck derived a formula that describes light as having discrete energy states or quantized energy. Planck’s formula describes energy of radiation as proportional to its frequency multiplied by a constant, now known as Planck’s constant “h”.

Planck hypothesized that radiant energy could only exist in discrete amounts or quanta which are proportional to the frequency of radiation. It was a revolutionary idea that energy could only exist in discrete packets. Planck thought he came up with a fudge factor.

Einstein carried on Planck’s work and proposed that light delivers energy in packets or chunks, thus the conclusion that light consists of small particles which are now referred to as photons. Each photon has an energy equal to Planck’s constant multiplied by its frequency v (pronounced “nu”).

These concepts were very revolutionary leading the discovery of the photo-electric effect where free electrons are created by the transfer of energy from photons, creating kinetic energy to set electrons in motion. Einstein won the Nobel Prize for his work on the photo-electric effect, which was made possible by Planck’s formula E=h*nu.